SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
WASHINGTON, D.C. 20549
REPORT OF FOREIGN PRIVATE ISSUER
PURSUANT TO RULE 13a-16 OR 15d-16 UNDER
THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the month of May 2022
Commission File Number: 001-38696
No.1 Building, No. 195 Huilongguan East Road,
Changping District, Beijing 102208
People’s Republic of China
(Address of principal executive offices)
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant files or will file annual reports under cover of Form 20-F or Form 40-F.
Form 20-F x Form 40-F ¨
Indicate by check mark if the registrant is submitting the Form 6-K in paper as permitted by Regulation S-T Rule 101(b)(1): ¨
Indicate by check mark if the registrant is submitting the Form 6-K in paper as permitted by Regulation S-T Rule 101(b)(7): ¨
Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned, thereunto duly authorized.
|By||:||/s/ Fion Zhou|
|Title||:||Chief Financial Officer|
Date: May 24, 2022
Niu Technologies Announces First Quarter 2022 Financial Results
-- First Quarter Total Volume of e-scooter sales up 9.4% year over year
-- First Quarter Revenues of RMB 575.5 million, up 5.1% year over year
-- First Quarter Net Loss of RMB 29.6 million, compared with net loss of RMB 5.4 million in the same period of last year
BEIJING, China, May 23, 2022 – Niu Technologies (“NIU”, or “the Company”) (NASDAQ: NIU), the world’s leading provider of smart urban mobility solutions, today announced its financial results for the first quarter ended March 31, 2022.
First Quarter 2022 Financial Highlights
|·||Revenues were RMB 575.5 million, an increase of 5.1% year over year|
|·||Gross margin was 19.1%, compared with 23.8% in the first quarter of last year|
|·||Net loss was RMB 29.6 million, compared with net loss of RMB 5.4 million in the first quarter of last year|
|·||Adjusted net loss (non-GAAP)1 was RMB 16.3 million, compared with adjusted net income of RMB 6.7 million in the first quarter of last year|
First Quarter 2022 Operating Highlights
|·||The number of e-scooters sold reached 163,659, up 9.4% year over year|
|·||The number of e-scooters sold in China reached 148,987, up 3.0% year over year|
|·||The number of e-scooters sold in the international markets was 14,672, up 193.7% year over year|
|·||The number of franchised stores in China was 3,248 as of March 31, 2022, an increase of 140 from December 31, 2021|
|·||International sales network expanded to 43 distributors covering 51 countries|
Dr. Yan Li, Chief Executive Officer of the Company, commented: “Despite experiencing a challenging quarter with the supply chain shortage, logistic disruption, and volatile retail environment caused by the recent COVID outbreaks, we managed to achieve moderate growths of sales volume and revenues compared to the same period last year. While uncertainties in the China market continue in Q2 due to the COVID outbreaks, we are confident that our growth strategy to develop diversified product portfolio, including our new product offerings in micro-mobility segment, and our global market expansion plan, will help us weather through the temporary China market shortfalls, and well position the company to capture the post-pandemic rebounds in electric two-wheeler demand.”
Dr. Li continued, “The ongoing increase in raw materials prices, especially lithium-ion battery prices in Q1, has created extra pressure on our gross margin. As the premium brand in the electric two-wheeler market, we will continue to develop innovative products with unique value propositions to our users, and regain the gross margin gradually.”
1 Adjusted net income/loss (non-GAAP) is defined as net income/loss excluding share-based compensation expense
First Quarter 2022 Financial Results
Revenues were RMB 575.5 million, an increase of 5.1% year over year, due to 9.4% increase in sales volume, partially offset by decreased revenues per e-scooter of 3.9%. The following table shows the revenues breakdown and revenues per e-scooter in the periods presented:
(in RMB million)
|E-scooter sales from China market||457.7||406.3||+12.6||%|
|E-scooter sales from international markets||65.7||38.9||+68.9||%|
|E-scooter sales, sub-total||523.4||445.2||+17.5||%|
|Accessories, spare parts and services||52.1||102.1||-48.9||%|
Revenues per e-scooter
|E-scooter sales from China market2||3,072||2,809||+9.4||%|
|E-scooter sales from international markets2||4,476||7,786||-42.5||%|
|Accessories, spare parts and services3||318||682||-53.4||%|
|Revenues per e-scooter||3,516||3,657||-3.9||%|
|§||E-scooter sales revenues from China market were RMB 457.7 million, an increase of 12.6%, and represented 87.5% of total e-scooter revenues. The increase was mainly driven by the unit price increases by 9.4%, and the sales volume increases by 3% in China.|
|§||E-scooter sales revenues from international markets were RMB 65.7 million, an increase of 68.9%, and represented 12.5% of total e-scooter revenues. The increase was mainly driven by the increase in sales of kick-scooter.|
|§||Accessories, spare parts sales and services revenues were RMB 52.1 million, a decrease of 48.9% and represented 9.1% of total revenues. The decrease was mainly due to the overseas battery pack sales reduction.|
|§||The decrease of revenues per e-scooter was mainly due to the sales of kick-scooter which has a lower average sales price compared with that of other e-scooters.|
Cost of revenues was RMB 465.8 million, an increase of 11.7% year over year, mainly due to higher e-scooter sales volume. The cost per e-scooter, defined as cost of revenues divided by the number of e-scooters sold in a specified period, was RMB 2,846, up 2.1% from RMB 2,787 in the first quarter 2021 due to higher raw material costs and product mix change.
2 Revenues per e-scooter on e-scooter sales from China or international markets is defined as e-scooter sales revenues from China or international markets divided by the number of e-scooters sold in China or international market in a specific period
3 Revenues per e-scooter on accessories, spare parts and services is defined as accessories, spare parts and services revenues divided by the total number of e-scooters sold in a specific period
Gross margin was 19.1%, compared with 23.8% in the same period of 2021. The decrease of gross margin was due to consistent cost pressure and the decrease in sales of accessories, spare parts and services, which generally have higher gross margin.
Operating expenses were RMB 143.0 million, an increase of 9.6% from the same period of 2021. Operating expenses as a percentage of revenues was 24.8%, compared with 23.8% in the first quarter of 2021.
|§||Selling and marketing expenses were RMB 70.0 million (including RMB 3.9 million of share-based compensation), a decrease of 4.7% from RMB 73.5 million in the first quarter of 2021. The decrease was mainly due to the decrease in advertising and promotion expense of RMB 26.1 million, partially offset by the increase in depreciation and amortization expense of RMB 13.8 million as a result of opening of new franchised stores, and the increase in staff cost of RMB 5.3 million, and the increase in share-based compensation expenses of RMB 0.9 million. Selling and marketing expenses as a percentage of revenues was 12.2% compared with 13.4% in the first quarter of 2021.|
|§||Research and development expenses were RMB 41.8 million (including RMB 4.9 million of share-based compensation), an increase of 63.4% from RMB 25.6 million in the first quarter of 2021, mainly due to the increase in design and testing expense of RMB 6.6 million, the increase in staff cost of RMB 6.3 million, the system development fees of RMB 2.0 million and the increase in share-based compensation expenses of RMB 0.9 million. Research and development expenses as a percentage of revenues was 7.3%, compared with 4.7% in the first quarter of 2021.|
|§||General and administrative expenses were RMB 31.1 million (including RMB 4.1 million of share-based compensation), a decrease of 0.8% from RMB 31.3 million in the first quarter of 2021, mainly due to the decrease in foreign currency exchange loss of RMB 4.7 million and share-based compensation expenses of RMB 0.7 million, partially offset by the increase in staff cost of RMB 4.6 million. General and administrative expenses as a percentage of revenues was 5.4%, compared with 5.7% in the first quarter of 2021.|
Operating expenses excluding share-based compensation were RMB 130.0 million, increased by 9.6% year over year, and represented 22.6% of revenues, compared with 21.7% in the first quarter of 2021.
|§||Selling and marketing expenses excluding share-based compensation were RMB 66.1 million, a decrease of 6.2% year over year, and represented 11.5% of revenues, compared with 12.9% in the first quarter of 2021.|
|§||Research and development expenses excluding share-based compensation were RMB 36.9 million, an increase of 70.9% year over year, and represented 6.4% of revenues, compared with 3.9% in the first quarter of 2021.|
|§||General and administrative expenses excluding share-based compensation were RMB 26.9 million, an increase of 1.7% year over year, and represented 4.7% of revenues, compared with 4.8% in the first quarter of 2021.|
Government grants were RMB 0.3 million, decreased by RMB 0.1 million from the same period of 2021.
Share-based compensation was RMB 13.2 million, compared with RMB 12.1 million in the same period of 2021.
Income tax expense was RMB 1.3 million, a decrease of RMB 7.9 million from the same period of 2021.
Net loss was RMB 29.6 million, compared with net loss of RMB 5.4 million in the first quarter of 2021. The net loss margin was 5.1%, compared with net loss margin of 1.0% in the same period of 2021.
Adjusted net loss (non-GAAP) was RMB 16.3 million, compared with adjusted net income of RMB 6.7 million in the first quarter of 2021. The adjusted net loss margin4 was 2.8%, compared with the adjusted net income margin of 1.2% in the same period of 2021.
Basic and diluted net loss per ADS were both RMB 0.38 (US$ 0.06).
As of March 31, 2022, the Company had cash, term deposits and short-term investments of RMB 889.6 million in aggregate. The Company had restricted cash of RMB 222.5 million and short-term bank borrowings of RMB 180.0 million.
In light of the current market conditions, including the on-going COVID resurgence in China, NIU expects its revenues for the second quarter of 2022 to be in the range of RMB803 million (representing a year-over-year decrease of 15%) to RMB945 million (representing no year-over-year change). This outlook is based on information available as of the date of this press release and reflects the Company’s current and preliminary expectation, which is subject to change due to uncertainties relating to a various factors, such as the pace of COVID-19 pandemic recovery, among others.
4 Adjusted net income/loss margin is defined as adjusted net income/loss (non-GAAP) as a percentage of the revenues
The Company will host an earnings conference call on Monday, May 23, 2022 at 8:00 AM U.S. Eastern Time (8:00 PM Beijing/Hong Kong Time) to discuss its first quarter 2022 financial and business results and provide a corporate update.
To join via phone, participants need to register in advance of the conference call using the link provided below. Upon registration, participants will receive dial-in numbers, an event passcode, and a unique registrant ID, which will be used to join the conference call.
|Event:||Niu Technologies First Quarter 2022 Earnings Conference Call|
A live and archived webcast of the conference call will be available on the investor relations website at https://ir.niu.com/news-and-events/webcasts-and-presentations.
A replay of the conference call can be accessed by phone two hours later at the following numbers until May 31, 2022.
As the world’s leading provider of smart urban mobility solutions, NIU designs, manufactures and sells high-performance electric motorcycles, mopeds, bicycles and kick-scooters. NIU has a diversified product portfolio that caters to the various demands of our users and addresses different urban travel scenarios. NIU’s product portfolio comprises its (i) four electric scooter and motorcycle series, NQi, MQi, UQi and Gova, (ii) one kick-scooter series, KQi, (iii) one high performance motorcycle series, RQi, (iv) one hybrid motorcycle series, YQi and (v) one e-bike series, BQi. NIU has adopted an omnichannel retail model, integrating the offline and online channels, to offer the products and services. For more information, please visit www.niu.com.
Use of Non-GAAP Financial Measures
To supplement NIU’s consolidated financial results presented in accordance with the accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“GAAP”), NIU uses the following non-GAAP financial measures: adjusted net income and adjusted net income margin. The presentation of these non-GAAP financial measures is not intended to be considered in isolation or as a substitute for the financial information prepared and presented in accordance with GAAP. NIU believes that these non-GAAP financial measures provide meaningful supplemental information regarding its performance and liquidity by excluding certain items that may not be indicative of its operating results. The Company believes that both management and investors benefit from referring to these non-GAAP financial measures in assessing its performance and when planning and forecasting future periods. These non-GAAP financial measures also facilitate management’s internal comparisons to NIU’s historical performance. The Company believes these non-GAAP financial measures are useful to investors in allowing for greater transparency with respect to supplemental information used by management in its financial and operational decision making. A limitation of using these non-GAAP financial measures is that these non-GAAP measures exclude certain items that have been and will continue to be for the foreseeable future a significant component in the Company’s results of operations. These non-GAAP financial measures presented here may not be comparable to similarly titled measures presented by other companies. Other companies may calculate similarly titled measures differently, limiting their usefulness as comparative measures to the Company’s data.
Adjusted net income is defined as net income excluding share-based compensation expenses. Adjusted net income margin is defined as adjusted net income as a percentage of the revenues.
For more information on non-GAAP financial measures, please see the tables captioned “Reconciliation of GAAP and Non-GAAP Results”.
This announcement contains translations of certain RMB amounts into U.S. dollars (“US$”) at specified rates solely for the convenience of the readers. Unless otherwise stated, all translations from RMB to US$ were made at the rate of RMB 6.3393 to US$ 1.00, the exchange rate in effect as of March 31, 2022, as set forth in the H.10 Statistical release of the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System. The Company makes no representation that the RMB or US$ amounts referred could be converted into US$ or RMB, as the case may be, at any particular rate or at all.
Safe Harbor Statement
This press release contains forward-looking statements. These statements are made under the “safe harbor” provisions of the U.S. Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. These forward-looking statements can be identified by terminology such as “will,” “expects,” “anticipates,” “aims,” “future,” “intends,” “plans,” “believes,” “estimates,” “likely to” and similar statements. Among other things, the business outlook and quotations from management in this announcement, as well as NIU’s strategic and operational plans, contain forward-looking statements. NIU may also make written or oral forward-looking statements in its periodic reports to the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission, in its annual report to shareholders, in press releases and other written materials and in oral statements made by its officers, directors or employees to First parties. Statements that are not historical facts, including statements about NIU’s beliefs, plans and expectations, are forward-looking statements. Forward-looking statements involve inherent risks and uncertainties. A number of factors could cause actual results to differ materially from those contained in any forward-looking statement, including but not limited to the following: NIU’s strategies; NIU’s future business development, financial condition and results of operations; NIU’s ability to maintain and enhance its “NIU” brand; its ability to innovate and successfully launch new products and services; its ability to maintain and expand its offline distribution network; its ability to satisfy the mandated safety standards relating to e-scooters; its ability to secure supply of components and raw materials used in e-scooters; its ability to manufacture, launch and sell smart e-scooters meeting customer expectations; its ability to grow collaboration with operation partners; its ability to control costs associated with its operations; general economic and business conditions in China and globally; and assumptions underlying or related to any of the foregoing. Further information regarding these and other risks is included in NIU’s filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission. All information provided in this press release is as of the date of this press release, and NIU does not undertake any obligation to update any forward-looking statement, except as required under applicable law.
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UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
|December 31,||March 31,||March 31,|
|Accounts receivable, net||268,557,176||171,925,483||27,120,578|
|Prepayments and other current assets||56,061,263||103,305,366||16,296,021|
|Total current assets||1,895,914,392||1,681,995,798||265,328,316|
|Property, plant and equipment, net||397,215,911||413,418,358||65,215,143|
|Intangible assets, net||3,668,189||3,197,885||504,454|
|Operating lease right-of-use assets, net||94,201,263||92,617,121||14,609,992|
|Deferred income tax assets||11,907,344||12,542,331||1,978,504|
|Other non-current assets||2,367,064||4,024,423||634,837|
|Total non-current assets||545,299,021||577,541,118||91,104,872|
|Short-term bank borrowings||180,000,000||180,000,000||28,394,302|
|Income taxes payable||17,601,525||16,294,581||2,570,407|
|Advances from customers||17,266,994||80,880,798||12,758,632|
|Accrued expenses and other current liabilities||198,904,558||150,643,299||23,763,397|
|Total current liabilities||1,129,083,854||970,027,705||153,018,109|
|Deferred income tax liabilities||1,992,388||2,361,460||372,511|
|Operating lease liabilities-non-current||13,921,859||12,821,241||2,022,501|
|Other non-current liabilities||20,967,430||17,597,175||2,775,886|
|Total non-current liabilities||47,575,369||43,437,469||6,852,092|
|Class A ordinary shares||89,038||89,144||14,062|
|Class B ordinary shares||10,316||10,316||1,627|
|Additional paid-in capital||1,855,403,759||1,870,571,828||295,075,454|
|Accumulated other comprehensive loss||(51,121,030||)||(55,195,408||)||(8,706,862||)|
|Total shareholders’ equity||1,264,554,190||1,246,071,742||196,562,987|
|Total liabilities and shareholders’ equity||2,441,213,413||2,259,536,916||356,433,188|
UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE LOSS
|Three Months Ended March 31,|
|Cost of revenues(a)||(417,002,269||)||(465,793,568||)||(73,477,130||)|
|Selling and marketing expenses(a)||(73,518,484||)||(70,047,236||)||(11,049,680||)|
|Research and development expenses(a)||(25,609,234||)||(41,848,584||)||(6,601,452||)|
|General and administrative expenses(a)||(31,313,799||)||(31,060,435||)||(4,899,663||)|
|Total operating expenses||(130,441,517||)||(142,956,255||)||(22,550,795||)|
|Operating income (loss)||245,121||(33,003,551||)||(5,206,183||)|
|Income (loss) before income taxes||3,857,939||(28,227,200||)||(4,452,732||)|
|Income tax expense||(9,231,506||)||(1,349,045||)||(212,807||)|
|Other comprehensive loss|
|Foreign currency translation adjustment||2,903,736||(1,694,186||)||(267,251||)|
|Unrealized gain/(reclassification adjustment for gains) on available for sale securities, net||200,180||(2,380,192||)||(375,466||)|
|Net loss per ordinary share|
|Net loss per ADS|
|Weighted average number of ordinary shares and ordinary shares equivalents outstanding used in computing net loss per ordinary share|
|Weighted average number of ADS outstanding used in computing net loss per ADS|
|(a) Includes share-based compensation expense as follows:|
|Three Months Ended March 31,|
|Cost of revenues||183,337||285,977||45,112|
|Selling and marketing expenses||3,031,862||3,917,456||617,963|
|Research and development expenses||4,001,487||4,917,894||775,779|
|General and administrative expenses||4,837,552||4,122,290||650,275|
|Total share-based compensation expense||12,054,238||13,243,617||2,089,129|
RECONCILIATION OF GAAP AND NON-GAAP RESULTS
|Three Months Ended March 31,|
|Share-based compensation expense||12,054,238||13,243,617||2,089,129|
|Adjusted net income (loss)||6,680,671||(16,332,628||)||(2,576,410||)|