SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
WASHINGTON, D.C. 20549
REPORT OF FOREIGN PRIVATE ISSUER
PURSUANT TO RULE 13a-16 OR 15d-16 UNDER
THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the month of August 2023
Commission File Number: 001-38696
No.1 Building, No. 195 Huilongguan East Road,
Changping District, Beijing 102208
People’s Republic of China
(Address of principal executive offices)
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant files or will file annual reports under cover of Form 20-F or Form 40-F.
Form 20-F x Form 40-F ¨
Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned, thereunto duly authorized.
|By||:||/s/ Fion Zhou|
|Title||:||Chief Financial Officer|
Date: August 14, 2023
Niu Technologies Announces Second Quarter 2023 Financial Results
-- Second Quarter Total Volume of e-scooter sales up 1.5% year over year
-- Second Quarter Revenues of RMB 828.8 million, up 0.1% year over year
-- Second Quarter Net Loss of RMB 1.9 million, compared to net income of RMB 14.4 million in the same period of last year
BEIJING, China, Aug 14, 2023 – Niu Technologies (“NIU”, or “the Company”) (NASDAQ: NIU), the world’s leading provider of smart urban mobility solutions, today announced its financial results for the second quarter ended June 30, 2023.
Second Quarter 2023 Financial Highlights
|·||Revenues were RMB 828.8 million, an increase of 0.1% year over year|
|·||Gross margin was 23.1%, compared with 20.3% in the second quarter of last year|
|·||Net loss was RMB 1.9 million, compared with net income of RMB 14.4 million in the second quarter of last year|
|·||Adjusted net income (non-GAAP)1 was RMB 14.4 million, compared with adjusted net income of RMB 31.2 million in the second quarter of last year|
Second Quarter 2023 Operating Highlights
|·||The number of e-scooters sold was 211,996, up 1.5% year over year|
|·||The number of e-scooters sold in China was 178,567, down 1.0% year over year|
|·||The number of e-scooters sold in the international markets was 33,429, up 17.1% year over year|
|·||The number of franchised stores in China was 2,844 as of June 30, 2023|
|·||International sales network expanded to 55 distributors covering 53 countries as of June 30, 2023|
On August 14, 2023, the Company released its 2022 Environment, Social and Governance (ESG) Report (https://ir.niu.com/environmental-social-and-governance-report-0), highlighting the Company’s ESG policies and sustainability initiatives.
Dr. Yan Li, Chief Executive Officer of the Company, commented: “In the second quarter of 2023, the launch of our new products has generated immense excitement in the market, setting an excellent foundation for continuous sales growth. The MQiL model has swiftly won over users with its outstanding performance, contributing to one-third of our domestic sales. The GOVA G400/G400T model has also received widespread market recognition for its practicality and cost-effectiveness. In the micro-mobility sector, kick-scooters also achieved stable growth in the second quarter. We firmly believe that our unwavering commitment to innovation will greatly resonate with our valued customers, and our enriched product portfolio will lay a strong foundation for our future sustainable growth.”
1 Adjusted net income (non-GAAP) is defined as net loss excluding share-based compensation expense
Second Quarter 2023 Financial Results
Revenues were RMB 828.8 million, an increase of 0.1% year over year, due to increased sales volume of 1.5%, partially offset by decreased revenues per e-scooter of 1.3%. The following table shows the revenues breakdown and revenues per e-scooter in the periods presented:
(in RMB million)
|E-scooter sales from China market||638.7||596.6||+7.1||%|
|E-scooter sales from international markets||114.7||146.3||-21.6||%|
|E-scooter sales, sub-total||753.4||742.9||+1.4||%|
|Accessories, spare parts and services||75.4||84.7||-11.0||%|
|Revenues per e-scooter|
|E-scooter sales from China market2||3,577||3,309||+8.1||%|
|E-scooter sales from international markets2||3,430||5,122||-33.0||%|
|Accessories, spare parts and services3||356||406||-12.3||%|
|Revenues per e-scooter||3,910||3,963||-1.3||%|
|§||E-scooter sales revenues from China market were RMB 638.7 million, an increase of 7.1%, and represented 84.8% of total e-scooter revenues. The increase was mainly driven by the strategic optimization of our premium product mix, offsetting the slight decline in sales volume in China market.|
|§||E-scooter sales revenues from international markets were RMB 114.7 million, a decrease of 21.6%, and represented 15.2% of total e-scooter revenues. The decrease was mainly due to the decline in sales of e-motorcycles and e-mopeds, partially offset by increased sales of kick-scooter in international markets.|
|§||Accessories, spare parts sales and services revenues were RMB 75.4 million, a decrease of 11.0% and represented 9.1% of total revenues. The decrease was mainly driven by the overseas battery pack sales reduction.|
|§||Revenues per e-scooter slightly decreased by 1.3% year over year, was mainly due to the increased proportion of kick-scooter in international markets, partially offset by the increased revenues per e-scooter in China market.|
2 Revenues per e-scooter on e-scooter sales from China or international markets is defined as e-scooter sales revenues from China or international markets divided by the number of e-scooters sold in China or international market in a specific period
3 Revenues per e-scooter on accessories, spare parts and services is defined as accessories, spare parts and services revenues divided by the total number of e-scooters sold in a specific period
Cost of revenues was RMB 637.3 million, a decrease of 3.4% year over year, mainly due to decreased cost per e-scooter. The cost per e-scooter, defined as cost of revenues divided by the number of e-scooters sold in a specified period, was RMB 3,006, down 4.9% from RMB 3,160 in the second quarter 2022, mainly due to the increased proportion of kick-scooter, and the decreased cost of battery packs.
Gross margin was 23.1%, compared with 20.3% in the same period of 2022. The increase was mainly due to the strategic optimization of our premium product mix and the increased revenues per e-scooter in China market.
Operating expenses were RMB 198.8 million, an increase of 14.9% from the same period of 2022. Operating expenses as a percentage of revenues was 24.0%, compared with 20.9% in the second quarter of 2022.
|§||Selling and marketing expenses were RMB 109.5 million (including RMB 2.7 million of share-based compensation), an increase of 18.4% from RMB 92.5 million in the second quarter of 2022, mainly due to an increase of RMB 15.8 million in selling and marketing expenses for continuous micro-mobility expansion in international markets. Selling and marketing expenses as a percentage of revenues was 13.2% compared with 11.2% in the second quarter of 2022.|
|§||Research and development expenses were RMB 41.3 million (including RMB 8.7 million of share-based compensation), a decrease of 7.1% from RMB 44.5 million in the second quarter of 2022, mainly due to the decrease of staff cost of RMB 2.1 million, and the decrease in system development professional fee of RMB 1.7 million. Research and development expenses as a percentage of revenues was 5.0%, compared with 5.4% in the second quarter of 2022.|
|§||General and administrative expenses were RMB 48.0 million (including RMB 4.5 million of share-based compensation), an increase of 33.2% from RMB 36.0 million in the second quarter of 2022, mainly due to the increase in provision for credit losses of RMB 27.1 million, partially offset by the increase in foreign currency exchange gain of RMB 8.2 million and the decrease in staff cost of RMB 2.6 million. General and administrative expenses as a percentage of revenues was 5.8%, compared with 4.4% in the second quarter of 2022.|
Operating expenses excluding share-based compensation were RMB 182.8 million, increased by 16.8% year over year, and represented 22.1% of revenues, compared with 18.9% in the second quarter of 2022.
|§||Selling and marketing expenses excluding share-based compensation were RMB 106.8 million, an increase of 21.3% year over year, and represented 12.9% of revenues, compared with 10.6% in the second quarter of 2022.|
|§||Research and development expenses excluding share-based compensation were RMB 32.6 million, a decrease of 13.1% year over year, and represented 3.9% of revenues, compared with 4.5% in the second quarter of 2022.|
|§||General and administrative expenses excluding share-based compensation were RMB 43.5 million, an increase of 40.4% year over year, and represented 5.2% of revenues, compared with 3.7% in the second quarter of 2022.|
Government grants were RMB 0.5 million, compared with RMB 0.3 million in the same period of 2022.
Share-based compensation was RMB 16.3 million, compared with RMB 16.8 million in the same period of 2022.
Income tax expense was RMB 2.2 million, compared with income tax benefit of RMB 16.8 million in the same period of 2022.
Net loss was RMB 1.9 million, compared with net income of RMB 14.4 million in the second quarter of 2022. The net loss margin was 0.2%, compared with net income margin of 1.7% in the same period of 2022.
Adjusted net income (non-GAAP) was RMB 14.4 million, compared with RMB 31.2 million in the second quarter of 2022. The adjusted net income margin4 was 1.7%, compared with 3.8% in the same period of 2022.
Basic and diluted net loss per ADS were both RMB 0.02 (US$ 0.00).
As of June 30, 2023, the Company had cash, term deposits and short-term investments of RMB 1,022.2 million in aggregate. The Company had restricted cash of RMB 109.7 million and short-term bank borrowings of RMB 41.4 million.
NIU expects revenues of the third quarter 2023 to be in the range of RMB 1,153 million to RMB 1,326 million, representing a year-over-year increase of 0% to 15%.
The above outlook is based on information available as of the date of this press release and reflects the Company’s current and preliminary expectation and is subject to change.
4 Adjusted net income margin is defined as adjusted net income (non-GAAP) as a percentage of the revenues
The Company will host an earnings conference call on Monday, August 14, 2023 at 8:00 AM U.S. Eastern Time (8:00 PM Beijing/Hong Kong Time) to discuss its second quarter 2023 financial and business results and provide a corporate update.
To join via phone, participants need to register in advance of the conference call using the link provided below. Upon registration, participants will receive dial-in numbers and a personal PIN, which will be used to join the conference call.
|Event:||Niu Technologies Second Quarter 2023 Earnings Conference Call|
A live and archived webcast of the conference call will be available on the investor relations website at https://ir.niu.com/news-and-events/webcasts-and-presentations.
As the world’s leading provider of smart urban mobility solutions, NIU designs, manufactures and sells high-performance electric motorcycles, mopeds, bicycles and kick-scooters. NIU has a diversified product portfolio that caters to the various demands of our users and addresses different urban travel scenarios. NIU’s product portfolio comprises its (i) six electric scooter and motorcycle series, RQi, NQi, MQi, SQi, UQi, and Gova, and (ii) two micro-mobility series, including kick-scooter series, KQi, and e-bike series, BQi. NIU has adopted an omnichannel retail model, integrating the offline and online channels, to sell its products and provide services. For more information, please visit www.niu.com.
Use of Non-GAAP Financial Measures
To supplement NIU’s consolidated financial results presented in accordance with the accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“GAAP”), NIU uses the following non-GAAP financial measures: adjusted net income and adjusted net income margin. The presentation of these non-GAAP financial measures is not intended to be considered in isolation or as a substitute for the financial information prepared and presented in accordance with GAAP. NIU believes that these non-GAAP financial measures provide meaningful supplemental information regarding its performance and liquidity by excluding certain items that may not be indicative of its operating results. The Company believes that both management and investors benefit from referring to these non-GAAP financial measures in assessing its performance and when planning and forecasting future periods. These non-GAAP financial measures also facilitate management’s internal comparisons to NIU’s historical performance. The Company believes these non-GAAP financial measures are useful to investors in allowing for greater transparency with respect to supplemental information used by management in its financial and operational decision making. A limitation of using these non-GAAP financial measures is that these non-GAAP measures exclude certain items that have been and will continue to be for the foreseeable future a significant component in the Company’s results of operations. These non-GAAP financial measures presented here may not be comparable to similarly titled measures presented by other companies. Other companies may calculate similarly titled measures differently, limiting their usefulness as comparative measures to the Company’s data.
Adjusted net income is defined as net income excluding share-based compensation expenses. Adjusted net income margin is defined as adjusted net income as a percentage of the revenues.
For more information on non-GAAP financial measures, please see the tables captioned “Reconciliation of GAAP and Non-GAAP Results”.
This announcement contains translations of certain RMB amounts into U.S. dollars (“US$”) at specified rates solely for the convenience of the readers. Unless otherwise stated, all translations from RMB to US$ were made at the rate of RMB 7.2513 to US$ 1.00, the exchange rate in effect as of June 30, 2023, as set forth in the H.10 Statistical release of the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System. The Company makes no representation that the RMB or US$ amounts referred could be converted into US$ or RMB, as the case may be, at any particular rate or at all.
Safe Harbor Statement
This press release contains forward-looking statements. These statements are made under the “safe harbor” provisions of the U.S. Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. These forward-looking statements can be identified by terminology such as “will,” “expects,” “anticipates,” “aims,” “future,” “intends,” “plans,” “believes,” “estimates,” “likely to” and similar statements. Among other things, the business outlook and quotations from management in this announcement, as well as NIU’s strategic and operational plans, contain forward-looking statements. NIU may also make written or oral forward-looking statements in its periodic reports to the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission, in its annual report to shareholders, in press releases and other written materials and in oral statements made by its officers, directors or employees to third parties. Statements that are not historical facts, including statements about NIU’s beliefs, plans and expectations, are forward-looking statements. Forward-looking statements involve inherent risks and uncertainties. A number of factors could cause actual results to differ materially from those contained in any forward-looking statement, including but not limited to the following: NIU’s strategies; NIU’s future business development, financial condition and results of operations; NIU’s ability to maintain and enhance its “NIU” brand; its ability to innovate and successfully launch new products and services; its ability to maintain and expand its offline distribution network; its ability to satisfy the mandated safety standards relating to e-scooters; its ability to secure supply of components and raw materials used in e-scooters; its ability to manufacture, launch and sell smart e-scooters meeting customer expectations; its ability to grow collaboration with operation partners; its ability to control costs associated with its operations; general economic and business conditions in China and globally; and assumptions underlying or related to any of the foregoing. Further information regarding these and other risks is included in NIU’s filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission. All information provided in this press release is as of the date of this press release, and NIU does not undertake any obligation to update any forward-looking statement, except as required under applicable law.
Investor Relations Contact:
UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
|December 31,||June 30,||June 30,|
|Accounts receivable, net||299,742,923||229,211,007||31,609,643|
|Prepayments and other current assets||205,695,717||186,172,017||25,674,295|
|Total current assets||2,012,071,029||1,930,072,543||266,169,175|
|Property, plant and equipment, net||397,356,795||353,555,644||48,757,553|
|Intangible assets, net||1,857,320||1,442,531||198,934|
|Operating lease right-of-use assets||86,597,121||83,159,936||11,468,280|
|Deferred income tax assets||6,132,499||7,041,642||971,087|
|Other non-current assets||12,683,090||9,999,219||1,378,955|
|Total non-current assets||524,626,825||455,198,972||62,774,809|
|Short-term bank borrowings||160,000,000||41,380,805||5,706,674|
|Income taxes payable||1,898,065||2,591,226||357,346|
|Advances from customers||24,931,897||20,082,951||2,769,566|
|Accrued expenses and other current liabilities||192,092,943||198,845,613||27,422,062|
|Total current liabilities||1,192,761,688||1,063,962,578||146,727,148|
|Deferred income tax liabilities||1,398,279||1,928,894||266,007|
|Operating lease liabilities||7,569,128||4,245,744||585,515|
|Other non-current liabilities||13,441,382||9,293,459||1,281,627|
|Total non-current liabilities||33,838,289||27,540,805||3,798,052|
|Class A ordinary shares||89,428||89,803||12,384|
|Class B ordinary shares||10,316||10,316||1,423|
|Additional paid-in capital||1,915,825,641||1,946,596,857||268,447,983|
|Accumulated other comprehensive loss||(16,536,686||)||(1,394,278||)||(192,280||)|
|Total shareholders’ equity||1,310,097,877||1,293,768,132||178,418,784|
|Total liabilities and shareholders’ equity||2,536,697,854||2,385,271,515||328,943,984|
UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME
|Three Months Ended June 30,||Six Months Ended June 30,|
|Cost of revenues(a)||(659,994,763||)||(637,333,754||)||(87,892,344||)||(1,125,788,331||)||(964,195,614||)||(132,968,656||)|
|Selling and marketing expenses(a)||(92,531,147||)||(109,541,946||)||(15,106,525||)||(162,578,383||)||(181,902,025||)||(25,085,436||)|
|Research and development expenses(a)||(44,450,826||)||(41,288,064||)||(5,693,884||)||(86,299,410||)||(76,292,198||)||(10,521,175||)|
|General and administrative expenses(a)||(36,024,525||)||(47,976,084||)||(6,616,205||)||(67,084,960||)||(98,300,734||)||(13,556,291||)|
|Total operating expenses||(173,006,498||)||(198,806,094||)||(27,416,614||)||(315,962,753||)||(356,494,957||)||(49,162,902||)|
|Operating income (loss)||(5,126,678||)||(6,800,524||)||(937,835||)||(38,130,229||)||(73,816,376||)||(10,179,743||)|
|Income (loss) before income taxes||(2,416,804||)||335,056||46,207||(30,644,004||)||(58,208,244||)||(8,027,283||)|
|Income tax benefit (expense)||16,779,140||(2,240,676||)||(309,003||)||15,430,095||(4,035,500||)||(556,521||)|
|Net income (loss)||14,362,336||(1,905,620||)||(262,796||)||(15,213,909||)||(62,243,744||)||(8,583,804||)|
|Other comprehensive income (loss)|
|Foreign currency translation adjustment, net of nil income taxes||23,106,426||21,181,014||2,920,995||21,412,240||15,487,764||2,135,860|
|Unrealized gain on available-for-sale securities, net of reclassification||(87,078||)||-||-||(2,467,270||)||(345,356||)||(47,627||)|
|Net income (loss) per ordinary share|
|Net income (loss) per ADS|
|Weighted average number of ordinary shares and ordinary shares equivalents outstanding used in computing net income (loss) per ordinary share|
|Weighted average number of ADS outstanding used in computing net income (loss) per ADS|
(a) Includes share-based compensation expense as follows:
|Three Months Ended June 30,||Six Months Ended June 30,|
|Cost of revenues||307,095||300,533||41,445||593,072||591,520||81,574|
|Selling and marketing expenses||4,421,095||2,705,325||373,081||8,338,551||5,833,402||804,463|
|Research and development expenses||6,988,758||8,734,735||1,204,575||11,906,652||15,105,360||2,083,124|
|General and administrative expenses||5,076,711||4,525,669||624,118||9,199,001||8,928,193||1,231,254|
|Total share-based compensation expense||16,793,659||16,266,262||2,243,219||30,037,276||30,458,475||4,200,415|
RECONCILIATION OF GAAP AND NON-GAAP RESULTS
|Three Months Ended June 30,||Six Months Ended June 30,|
|Net Income (loss)||14,362,336||(1,905,620||)||(262,796||)||(15,213,909||)||(62,243,744||)||(8,583,804||)|
|Share-based compensation expense||16,793,659||16,266,262||2,243,219||30,037,276||30,458,475||4,200,415|
|Adjusted net income (loss)||31,155,995||14,360,642||1,980,423||14,823,367||(31,785,269||)||(4,383,389||)|